Efficient Strategies & Methods Behind Emergency Management
Emergency management can be defined as “the strategy and processes deployed to protect vital assets from risks associated by natural or man-made disasters or catastrophes.” Assets can be either living things such as people and plants, or non-living things such as buildings, cultures, and economic systems.
For identification purposes, the emergency management process is divided into four fields. Those four fields are:
- Risk reduction
- Resource preparation
- Response to the event
- Limitation of further damage
In an organization, the person charged with emergency management is typically someone at the executive level. A successful emergency management plan usually hinges on a number of issues being handled effectively.
To mitigate risk, steps are put in place to eliminate or reduce damage. Some structural mitigation resources could be levees to prevent flooding. An example of a non-structural mitigation resource would be to designate an area as a flood plain. Before any risk reduction can take place, risks must be identified and evaluated.
To prepare for a disaster, emergency management professionals develop plans to manage risks. They, of course, must be prepared to put these plans into immediate action when necessary. Some common resource preparation methods are:
- Create easily understandable communication plans
- Develop and implement training for emergency services
- Design appropriate evacuation plans and designate emergency shelters
- Stockpile an inventory
- Maintain disaster supplies
- Develop a network of trained and untrained volunteers to assist in times of emergency
It is just as important to have personal preparedness in the event of a disaster. This can include constructing shelters, installing back-up power, water, and sewage services, and rehearsing evacuation procedures. For most individuals and families, personal preparedness should include the creation of a stockpile of food and water. In addition, medicine, flashlights, candles, and money should be on hand. Valuable items and important documents should also be secured.
The third part of a good emergency management plan is the response phase. This part can be difficult as it often includes the mobilization of first responders and emergency equipment. In most natural disasters, first responders are most likely to be policemen, firemen, and emergency medical technicians. If the crisis is the result of an act of terrorism, the military will respond. For both natural and man-made disasters, specialist rescue teams may assist. Whenever possible, mock disasters can be staged to pinpoint areas of weakness in an emergency plan. This allows the manager to develop workable strategies. In any emergency, quick response is critical. Search and rescue efforts should commence immediately.
We certainly hope that you never find yourself facing a natural or manmade disaster. Unfortunately, there is little we can to prevent a disaster. Our free crisis management and planning guides can help you establish a plan to minimize your loss due to any type of disaster. When faced with a crisis, the primary objective is to minimize loss of life and property and to maximize recovery. We have created our free guides to help you do both. The old adage, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” is true. Disasters may come your way, but being prepared can mean all the difference in your outcome.